创建包容性课堂指南

  • Creating a culturally responsive and 包容的教室 environment for all students is as important today than ever, perhaps even more so given that classrooms are more diverse and multicultural than ever before.

    为教师, inclusion can be done by reflecting on what impact their own culture has on their instruction and how they approach educating students with vastly different backgrounds. An 包容的教室 requires recognizing stereotypes and prejudice and a focus on incorporation and integration. Putting emotional needs first is paramount to success.

    要做到这一点, schools and teachers need to provide a welcoming experience for all students, 不仅仅是那些挣扎的人, so that effective classroom strategies can be successfully employed.

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    Students want to feel valued and they want to feel like they are a part of a larger school community. By forming a bond with students teachers can provide a sound educational framework for success. 在这一点上,真正的学习才会发生.

    如何创建一个包容性的课堂

    The most effective way to build an inclusive learning environment comes from forming meaningful connections with students. 什么是包容性课堂?

    包容是一种形式 课堂管理 that requires taking some extra time and effort to view each pupil as an individual. Teachers must truly believe that each student can succeed. 如果他们这样做了,他们就成了成功的伙伴. It’s as simple as learning to pronounce a student’s full name correctly, as a first step. Students should not feel the need to shorten or change their names in order to make it easier for a teacher to pronounce it.

    Putting a student’s emotional needs first is important because without feeling safe and understood, 没有任何教学策略是有效的. 通过在课堂上建立关系, students will feel comfortable enough to come out and tell a teacher what is on their minds without having to wait for an opportunity from to do so.

    Students want to feel valued and feel like they are a part of a larger school community. By forming a bond between you and your students and providing a sound educational framework for success, 真正的学习才会发生.

    Tactics to consider when creating an inclusive learning environment

    For starters it is important to keep in mind that everyone learns differently. A “one-size-fits-all” approach to education is not the right approach.

    Instead, students should be allowed to engage information from a variety of sources. This includes websites, videos, books and other mediums such as podcasts. Whatever medium one chooses, the key is to tailor content delivery to a student’s needs. This can be accomplished through small group or even individual instruction. Assessment choices represent an opportunity for students to showcase their understanding in various ways.

    When a teacher customizes students’ experiences in an inclusion classroom setting, students can build upon their strengths and develop and improve their understanding of topics with which they are struggling.

    德甲联赛下注app这个问题有好几篇好文章. 举个例子,”#IWishMyTeacherKnew shares students’ heartbreak, hopes” provides insight into some of the forces causing students to stumble. One tactic is establishing an inbox for students to privately share their thoughts and struggles.

    An 开明的分级哲学

    行为,例如迟到, unpreparedness or talking out of turn should not be punished, 而是管理. While these and other behaviors are important to address, they shouldn’t be used to mask or reflect students’ understanding of a topic. Instead, teachers should focus on what the students do know and reflect that in their grade book.

    The components of an 开明的分级哲学 include regular formative assessments in which quality and descriptive feedback is generated and personalized for each student.

    保持一个包容和欢迎的教室

    An 包容的教室 requires teachers to focus on equity for all students, 其中包括种族和性别. But it is important to think of them all equally.

    Addressing bias in the classroom and course materials can help students identify and analyze bias critically.

    Teachers can develop self-awareness in students by not hiding from differences, 而是鼓励学生接受它们. To do this teachers should use inclusive teaching strategies and techniques to actively engage students in the classroom. 这些策略包括:翻转课堂并根据课堂讨论的规模进行不同的讨论.

    作为教职员工和课堂领导, teachers play a critical role in setting the classroom climate and have the opportunity to set the educational tone. They have the responsibility to balance the free exchange of ideas with maintaining a safe and welcoming environment for all students regardless of their background.