To teach vocabulary effectively teachers must learn the skills necessary to apply the best approaches. Student 词汇教学 is an art that will help pupils retain new terms that will allow them to prosper.
根据牛津大学出版社, “Students need to be able to do so much more than reel off lists of vocabulary. They need to be able to manipulate the language so that it can support their communicative needs.“这是通过记忆的组合, 阅读, 词典的使用, 环境和其他活动，如在线游戏. Students must use a new word 10 to 16 times before it sinks in.
Teaching vocabulary goes beyond memorizing words with flashcards. It is process that begins with encountering a word and ends when a student can produce the word.
English vocabulary can be tricky, particularly if it is not a student’s first language. Identical words can often have different meanings depending on the context in which they are used. Lexicon can also change over the course of time, meaning words can change meaning. Grammar and structure must be tackled to ensure that words are being used correctly.
Here are 5 tricks and tips to help your students increase their vocabulary.
Students should be encouraged to learn new vocabulary daily, but in short spurts. 专家说，这是让它坚持下去的最好方法.
Hours a day – too much at one time — means most of it will be lost in the long term. 而不是, if students commit to just 15 minutes a day of focused practice, they’ll soon have a solid linguistic base of new 单词和定义.
学生可以把这个练习融入到他们的日常生活中 课堂常规 这种方式. Following up and testing can affirm and solidify the words they have learned.
阅读的意义 is a research-based strategy that helps all readers make sense of challenging texts. Reading is one of the most effective ways to teach vocabulary and regular 阅读 is the strategy that gives students the opportunity to practice and master the phases of critical 阅读 that lead to 阅读 success and improved word usage. Strategies can include actively searching for new words during 阅读 and reflecting on what was learned after 阅读.
就像体育锻炼一样, 你会经常看到少量的效果更好, 而不是经常大量的.
在教室管理的背景下, studies show that students will be motivated if interested in the topic. 所以让学生选择他们感兴趣的读物, as long as it fits the educational rubric of improved learning. 他们读得越多, the more they will be reviewing vocabulary and that increased exposure will help the vocabulary get stored into the students’ long term memory. This in turn will enable better spoken and written production.
根据牛津大学出版社: Bring a selection of different readers into the classroom and scatter them around the class. Tell students to circulate the room and simply discuss with each other which readers they like and which they don’t. They should just look at the cover and the blurb on the back. Based on this, they choose the reader they’d like to read.
Going through a list of words that are not connected to a subject or story, 或者彼此, 是错误的方法. 而不是, 用像汽车这样的主题来建立形容词的使用——快速, big, 紧凑的, 燃料, 电, 自动, 手册, 等. Teachers can then ask students to answer questions based on descriptions or create their own fill-in-the-blank assignments.
Games, puzzles, songs and music, and real-life objects are important tools. For students to effectively and accurately produce vocabulary, 他们必须自发地回忆单词.
具体内容是指术语, concepts or vocabulary having explicit meaning critical to understanding particular content.
A student’s maximum level of 阅读 comprehension is determined by his or her knowledge of words. Teach keywords that children will need to comprehend texts and learn the content in those texts.
学生必须学会给单词下定义, 要知道什么时候该用这个词, 它的多重含义, 拼出这个词. 一些方法是通过图片和符号. It is also important to assess a student’s use of words in writing and speaking.
单词联想 is an activity that can be used with large classes and limited resources. 怎么做:在黑板上写一个单词, and then get your students to say the first word that pops up in their head which has a relation to the word on the board. It’s a good idea to go around the class getting each student to give a word. If a student can’t come up with a word, this is the perfect opportunity to go over the meaning.
Teaching vocabulary within the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) is an essential component of standards-based curriculum alignment. Making the critical words second nature to our students will enhance achievement on assessments and will be useful in college and career, 根据作者 玛丽莉·斯派格.
To process and store the academic vocabulary of the standards, students’ brains require an efficient 自动 memory system. 这个系统，也叫 nonmotor程序性记忆, 存储重复的信息, 比如乘法表, 歌词, 单词和定义.
这篇文章包含了指导方针和提示，但是 词汇教学 可以用无数种方式来传授. 所以要找出对你来说最有效的方法.