STEM教学:未来的关键对教师来说可能是一个挑战

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    今天,几乎所有德甲联赛下注app教育的对话都涉及到STEM教学. The acronym, used to refer to “science, technology, engineering, math,” pops up on education blogs, websites, teacher newsletters and career boards everywhere.

    Visionaries see bold, 灵活和创新的教室,让所有年龄的学生学习更高水平的STEM课程, 让他们在以后的生活中获得成功,并确保遗产的重新出现, competitive U.S. workforce. “强大的STEM教育正日益被视为机遇的关键驱动因素, 数据显示,未来对STEM知识和技能的需求将会增长并持续下去,“STEM 2026: STEM教育创新的愿景”,” a report done by the U.S. 教育部和美国研究机构.

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    The report emphasized six areas of focus:

    • Networked “communities of practice”
    • Learning activities that encourage play and risk
    • 课堂活动邀请创新的方法来挑战
    • Learning spaces that are inclusive and flexible
    • Innovative ways to measure degrees of learning
    • 多元化的环境,鼓励和促进STEM机会

    However, even as it listed these priorities, 该报告考虑了实施这些改革将带来的挑战. Chief among them? “这个项目的贡献者努力解决的问题是,如何在美国存在的多样性社区中公平地实施这一愿景.” In other words, no matter how lofty the goals, 执行仍然归结于客观需求:钱, infrastructure, leadership support and, 最大的因素是:解决全国STEM教师短缺的问题.

    The report was in 2015, 四年前,奥巴马总统在2011年的国情咨文中要求全国增加100人,用10年时间在全国范围内培养出1万名高素质的STEM教师. A national network called 100Kin10 was created with that goal in mind, 从那时起,最初的28个创始合伙人已经扩大到280个成员, including experts, leaders, universities, nonprofits, government agencies and private companies. 他们的挑战是:解决STEM教育的问题.

    In 2017, the organization released its list of “Grand Challenges,这张交互式地图列出了100个最紧迫的问题. 他们把这些问题分成七个主要主题:

    • Prestige:教学仍然不被视为顶尖STEM毕业生的一个有声望的职业目的地;
    • Teacher leadership: 教师往往没有创新的自主性或灵活性;
    • Professional growth: 缺乏专业教师成长的机会;
    • Elementary STEM: 小学生和教师通常不是STEM学习的一部分;
    • Preparation: Teachers can struggle in very diverse classrooms, which may include multiple cultures, students who have disabilities, 以及英语为第二语言的学生;
    • Instructional materials:经常缺乏专门用于STEM教学材料的学区资金;
    • Value of science, technology and engineering (S, T &E): 传统学校的课程仍然很重视阅读, math, language arts and social studies than on S, T & E.

    In addition, 在老师桌子的教室那边有一个问题:许多学生根本不感兴趣.

    近90%的高中毕业生表示,他们对科学相关的职业或大学专业不感兴趣, technology, engineering or math, known collectively as STEM, 根据一项针对100多万参加ACT考试的学生的调查,” said a 2013 opinion piece in the New York Times. “学生们对这些课程缺乏兴趣的最大原因之一是,随着他们从幼儿园升入高中,他们已经对这些课程失去了兴趣. 许多课程的老师在这些学科上并没有特别的专业知识. 他们在学习过时的课程和教科书. They become convinced they’re ‘no good at math,’ that math and science are only for nerds, and fall behind.”

    So, what’s a teacher to do? A dedicated, 热情的老师,真正想要激励学生, encourage curiosity, 并以打破常规的方式教授STEM课程?

    You learn from others who feel that way, too. 这样做,你就可以在这些问题上弥补自己的弱点.

    《德甲联赛下注app》的文章说:“最有效的教师拥有广泛的学科知识。. “Too many lack that preparation. More than half of the 6.7 million students studying physical sciences — chemistry, 物理和地球科学——他们的老师不是这些专业的. Only 64 percent of those teachers are certified. The number is better for math teachers, as 78 percent are certified, 但仍有300万名数学学生由无证教师教授.”

    Dominican University of California’s online courses for teachers can be key to career learning and development. 扩展你的通用核心数学标准知识 allows you to study a domain within your grade-level standards; the Next Generation Science Standards series of classes includes a class with STEM emphasis; and 创建和维护技术课堂 帮助教师将科技融入课堂的方方面面. 几十门课程可以让你增加所需的教育学分,同时提高你的课堂技能, 无论你是需要重温相对论还是学习编码.

    “这些年轻的科学家和工程师教给德甲比赛下注app一些他们正在探索的特定主题之外的东西,” said President Obama at the 2015 White House Science Fair. “They teach us how to question assumptions; to wonder why something is the way it is, and how we can make it better. 它们提醒德甲比赛下注app,总有更多的东西要学习, and to try, and to discover, and to imagine – and that it’s never too early, or too late to create or discover something new.”