创建具有文化包容性的教室,以响应#黑人的生命也是重要的#

  • Over the summer, 除了COVID-19大流行及其授权的所有变革之外, 另一场重大社会动乱开始了:全国各地的“黑人的命也是命”(Black Lives Matter)抗议活动. 他们是在黑人乔治·弗洛伊德5月25日死于明尼苏达州明尼阿波利斯市之后开始的., after a police officer knelt on his neck for nearly eight minutes. Four officers were charged in the death; all four were fired.

    弗洛伊德的死引发了全国各地的抗议活动,大大小小的城市都有. While most were peaceful, some violence and looting occurred. Each day and night for weeks, 所有人群的抗议者都在街道上举着“黑人的命也是命”的标语和口号;#黑人的命也是命的标签在社交媒体上很流行. 国民警卫队被召集来帮助监控二十多个州的抗议活动. 数周以来,它一直是新闻报道、政治脱口秀和互联网博主的话题.

    很少有中学生,甚至更年轻的学生不知道发生了什么, as the video was everywhere, and discussions happened in families, between neighbors, and on local tv and radio. Even Elmo and his dad talked about the protests and racism.

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    If the news had occurred during a typical school year, 老师和学校管理者会帮助他们的学生以适合他们年龄的方式处理这些事件. 但由于疫情,该国已全面或部分封锁数月, and only now are schools beginning to return to class, some in-person and others online.

    As a teacher, how did these events register for you? 你从朋友,家庭成员,邻居的角度来考虑他们吗? Did you think about your students, 以及你是否能够或者如何在课堂上探讨这些问题?

    “老师们知道这条新闻以及围绕它的问题需要解决,”该杂志写道 New York Times. “那么,德甲比赛下注app如何帮助学生处理和应对正在发生的事情呢, understand its complex causes — and strive for solutions?”

    The answers, of course, depend on the age of students you teach. 高中的社会学学生可以比小学阶段的学生处理更多微妙和复杂的信息. Jason Lukehart, a fourth-grade teacher in Oak Park, Illinois, 弗洛伊德死后几天,他在Zoom的一次会议上与他的学生交谈.

    “德甲比赛下注app讨论了白人特权的概念,我能够回到其中的一些讨论,” Lukehart told USA Today. “我希望我的白人学生以一种适合他们年龄的方式,对这件事有正确的看法. For my black students, I hope they feel like I care about them.”

    “在教导年轻人参与这些对话而不是回避这些对话方面,教师可以发挥不可思议的强大作用,” said Howard Stevenson, 他是宾夕法尼亚大学教育研究生院的临床心理学家.

    谈论种族和种族主义的一个关键是,作为一名教师,要对这个话题感到舒服. 当大多数教师是白人(68%在公立特许学校)时,这可能是一个挑战, 80 percent in public school, 85 percent in private school, according to the National Center for Educational Statistics for the 2017-2018 school year. 在公立特许学校,黑人教师的比例为10%, 7 percent in public schools, and 3 percent in private schools. For Latino teachers, the numbers were 16 percent of public charter schools, 9 percent of public schools, 7 percent of private schools).

    在一个多元化的课堂上,你对谈论种族感到舒服吗? 如果你在这方面需要更多的教育和指导,请继续阅读.

    “The Role of Culture and Equity in the Classroom” is a three-course series at Dominican University of California Online. It includes three courses, which are online and self-paced:

    • Creating an Inclusive Classroom Environment: This class helps you understand the term “culturally responsive,” learn how to create a culturally responsive classroom, 学习如何与来自不同文化背景的学生和家长建立关系. (EDUO 9736, 2 semester credits)
    • Creating Culturally Responsive Lesson Plans本课程建立在你对文化响应能力的理解之上,并将这种理解融入到你的教学计划中. 它的重点是确定符合文化的课堂材料和教学计划, and encourages sharing among the participants in the class. (EDUO 9737, 2 semester credits)
    • Yours, Mine and Ours: Focuses on how to see your own culture, understand how that informs how you see the world, recognize stereotypes, 并以一种帮助你了解学生文化的方式与你的班级联系. (EDUO 9735, 2 semester credits)

    All three courses use the book How to Teach Students Who Don’t Look Like You (second edition), by Bonnie M. Davis. 戴维斯已经在中学教书40多年了, high schools, universities, 以及无家可归者收容所和男子监狱等社区组织. 她被评为两个公立学区的年度教师,以及其他许多奖项. 她也有个人的多元文化经历,正如她在书的开头所解释的:

    “My granddaughter is Mexican, black, white, and Puerto Rican. How does she see the world? 她通过一个小孩的视角看世界,这个小孩已经明白肤色将德甲比赛下注app置于不同的群体中. At 4, she just thinks it has to do with language rather than power. She is brown and does not look like me. Her father, my son, has an African American father. He is black and does not look like me. 作为一个黑人男性的白人母亲和一个混血儿的祖母,我的经历是我写这本书的原因之一, a how-to book for you, 那些充斥着今天的教室,寻找更好的方式来联系和教育与自己不同的学生的教育者.”

    The book is an interactive learning tool; at many points it stops and asks the readers to fill out information about the classes they teach, their expectations for their students, and reflections about certain anecdotes.

    多米尼加:“这个系列旨在帮助教师开发必要的工具,为所有学生创造一个文化响应环境. When a student feels different or left out in his or her classroom, it significantly reduces that student’s ability and desire to learn. 在本系列中学习的内容将教你如何与学生建立联系,并创建一个包容性的课堂环境,为与你一起工作的每个孩子打开学习的大门.获取更多德甲联赛下注app“文化与公平在课堂中的作用”系列的信息或报名参加, visit here.

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