好的作家是好的读者. Writing gives voice to our inner thoughts and allows us to share them. 作为一种交流方式, writing can transcend time and is a way to pass stories from generation to generation.
It has been said that the best way to improve anyone’s reading is to have them write. 写作把学生集中在自然拼读上, 理解, 力学, 发展他们的声音或观点, 并把这个观点传达给其他人. 用图表表达句子的日子已经一去不复返了.
Balanced Literacy focuses on developing the many skills that good readers and writers possess, 以一种真实的交流方式. Writing makes for better readers and improves 理解 and critical thinking.
Teachers must learn how to create a classroom environment that is conducive to writing and supports effective writing instruction for all learners, including struggling writers and English Language Learners. 有效地做, teachers must first go through the writing process themselves, which can be accomplished by taking a http://www.toneunderground.com/courses/eduo-9201-balanced-literacy-building-community-writers class 或自己的工作室.
Once a teacher understands what is involved in becoming a better writer they can focus on teaching their students to write.
To effectively foster a community of budding young writers, 教师需要创造一个安全的环境, 鼓励风险, and provides the support for learning the skills essential to the 工艺的编写. Balanced Literacy provides the teacher with many opportunities to model writing for their students, thereby infusing the skills necessary for their students to develop.
The first step is always to observe the writer and his or her writing. 从那里, 教师可以评价成功, 注意教学要点, 指导内容, and for more advanced writers offer examples of good writing so that the student can apply what is appropriate.
- List what you feel are the elements necessary to create a classroom writing community.
- Consider your classroom and your list in #1 What do you already have in place?
- What do you need to work on to foster a classroom writing community?
- 学生们在读什么? 你可以利用哪些资源? 也许哈利波特就是一个很好的例子.
People experience predictable stages of development while gaining skills. 在你学会开车之前, 你必须了解汽车的零件, 油门和刹车踏板是干什么用的, 以及如何启动引擎. 这需要很多练习, 首先是在空旷的街道或停车场, then on quiet roads before you were ready to drive in traffic.
Language development also occurs in predictable stages. 婴儿首席运营官, 模仿声音, 学习他们想要的单字标识符, and eventually put it all together to form coherent words and sentences. 类似的, 作家从乱写开始, 进化到图片, and eventually begin to use letters to represent sounds. From these basic skills, they can later create words, sentences, stories — there is no limit.
It is vital for teachers to understand the stages of writing so they can help their students advance to higher levels. It is a rare class that contains students who are all on the same functional level.
Balanced literacy allows teachers to bring students to a higher level, 无论它们在连续体的哪个位置.
English Language Learners and struggling readers and writers present unique challenges.
Success for students for whom English is another language depends greatly on how well they learned their first language. If they went through the appropriate developmental stages in their first language, most can adapt to English by transferring the skills they have already learned.
But for those who did not acquire language through appropriate stages, 以及那些努力阅读的读者, the teacher must be aware of where their students’ deficiencies fit on the continuum in order to help them improve. 目标是一样的. The instruction must be paced more slowly and with more explicit direction.
写作过程是一个重复多次的循环. It is a process that teachers must master themselves before passing their knowledge along to students.
Pre-writing is the first stage, and this happens consciously or unconsciously. 知道你必须编写一个文档, you will probably mull ideas in your head before you ever set pen to paper. 学生在形成思想方面可能需要指导, and this stage of the process is designed to stimulate thoughts. This can be an extensive process, sometimes taking more time than the writing.
The first draft gets ideas on paper without much concern for the 力学. It is the starting point from which all future versions will flow. After looking over a draft or sharing it with another reader, a writer will begin to revise by checking for content, 组织, 和清晰. The next phase is editing, where the 力学 of writing are reviewed. Sentence structure, spelling, punctuation, and grammar are considered.
While a teacher might not be creating a future Hemingway or Jane Austen, learning to teach writing to kindergartners and elementary school students will go a long way to lay a foundation for future achievement.
One way to do this is for teachers to take a page from their own writing workshop, literally.